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Insights from the Investigation of Lebanon’s Ex Apex Bank Chief


In a widening investigation with implications spanning across continents, German prosecutors have intensified their scrutiny into allegations of money laundering and financial malfeasance against Riad Salameh, Lebanon’s erstwhile central bank chief. Amidst mounting accusations, authorities have issued arrest warrants not only for Salameh but also for his brother Raja and several other suspects, marking a significant development in a case that has reverberated throughout Europe and beyond.

Confirmed by the Munich public prosecutor’s office, the probe encompasses a litany of charges, including forgery, money laundering, and embezzlement, underscoring the severity and complexity of the allegations. Despite vehement denials from the accused, investigations both in Germany and across multiple European jurisdictions persist, with suspicions centring on the illicit transfer of vast sums from Lebanon’s central bank, purportedly to the detriment of the Lebanese state, and subsequent laundering of these funds abroad.

One avenue of investigation reveals a convoluted trail of financial transactions, with part of the allegedly misappropriated funds funnelled through a letterbox company in the British Virgin Islands before being invested in real estate ventures, notably in Germany. In a coordinated effort with authorities from France and Luxembourg, German prosecutors have seized significant assets, including commercial properties in Munich and Hamburg valued at approximately 28 million euros ($30.3 million) and shares in a Düsseldorf-based property company valued at around 7 million euros ($7.5 million).

The ramifications of Salameh’s alleged misdeeds extend far beyond Europe’s borders. France had previously issued an arrest warrant for the former central bank chief, leading to Interpol’s issuance of a red notice, signalling a global pursuit for his apprehension. 

Salameh’s tenure as Lebanon’s central bank governor, spanning three decades, initially garnered accolades for his role in steering the country’s financial recovery post-civil war. However, his legacy has since been tarnished by accusations of orchestrating a financial collapse, with many attributing Lebanon’s dire economic plight to years of systemic corruption and mismanagement.

The financial crisis, which erupted in mid-2019, precipitated a catastrophic devaluation of the Lebanese pound, plunging countless citizens into financial turmoil as their savings evaporated amid a scarcity of hard currency. Salameh, steadfastly refuting allegations, maintains that his wealth stems from his prior career as an investment banker at Merrill Lynch, alongside inherited properties and investments.

As legal proceedings unfold and international investigations deepen, the case of Riad Salameh serves as a stark reminder of the global reverberations wrought by financial corruption. Beyond its immediate impact on Lebanon’s economy, the saga underscores the imperative of transnational cooperation in combatting financial crimes that transcend borders and threaten the stability of economies worldwide.

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